Corydoras is a large genus of neotropical fishes with over 150 identified species, belonging to the Armored Catfish Family Callichthyidae. Most species are generally found in small streams, along the margins of larger rivers, in marshes and ponds. They are native to slow moving streams and small rivers of South America where the water is usually shallow and very clear. Corydoras display a broad diversity of body shapes and coloration and the size range between 1-5 inches in length. Like catfish, most Corydoras has barbels, which are used to forage for food in sand, gravel, or detritus. The banks and sides of the streams are covered with a dense growth of plants, and this is where the corys are found. They inhabit a wide variety of water types but tend toward soft, slightly acidic waters. In the wild, they are active during daylight and often seen in shoals. Most species prefer being in groups and many species are found in schools or aggregations of hundreds or even thousands of individuals, usually of a single species, but occasionally with other species mixed in.

In the aquarium, most corys prefer soft, acidic waters, pH range between 5.5 - 6.8. However, they can tolerate a wide range of water conditions including temperatures that are cooler, but do not do well in fish tanks with high nitrate levels. This ion leads to the infection of the barbels, which will shorten and become useless. These are easy fish to keep, being peaceful, small, hardy, active, and entertaining. Occasionally they will dart to the surface, sticking their snout above the water for an instant, appearing to take a "breath" of fresh air. They are well suited to tropical freshwater community aquariums, as they get along well with other species and are not at all aggressive. Corys are shy fish and it is recommended to keep them in groups of at least six as most species seem to form shoals in the aquarium.

In their natural habit, their main food is bottom-dwelling insects, insect larvae and various worms, as well as some vegetable matter. In the aquarium, Corys are mostly bottom feeders, so they should be offered sinking pellets as well as supplements of live and frozen foods. Sexing can be difficult at a young age but mature females grow longer (and wider) than the males. The rounded belly of the female keeps her nose off the gravel when she rests. They usually take two years to attain breeding size, but some species breed earlier. Some corydoras species have been reported to live up to 15 to 20 years.
Smudge Spot Cory (档霉孽公)
Corydoras similis
Skunk Cory (公)
Corydoras arcuatus
Schwartz's Cory (娇交獿公)
Corydoras schwartzi
Bandit Cory (旱窟公)
Corydoras metae
Half-Masked Cory (皑綽娇交獿公)
Corydoras ambiacus
Concolor Cory (公)
Corydoras concolor
False Bandit Cory (弊公)
Corydoras melini
Adolfo's Cory (繷公)
Corydoras adolfoi
Three Lined Cory (絬癨公)
Corydoras trilineatus
Sterbai's Corydoras (痌公)
Corydoras sterbai
Gold Stripe Cory (ρ公)
Corydoras aeneus "Gold Stripe"
Panda Cory (旱窟公)
Corydoras panda
Albino Cory (フρ公)
Corydoras aeneus "Albino"
Bronze Cory (簧ρ公)
Corydoras aeneus
Pygmy Cory (る公)
Corydoras hastatus
Dwarf Cory (公)
Corydoras habrosus
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